Thursday, March 02, 2017
Vratislav Havlík and Miroslav Mareš from the Department of Political Sciencwe FSS MU published an article titled "Jobbik's successes. An analysis of its success in the comparative context of the V4 countries" in the journal Communist and post-communist studies.
The success of Jobbik, an extreme-right party in Hungary, is unique in its success compared with other extreme right parties in the Visegrad 4 countries of Central Europe. In contrast to parties in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland, Jobbik has managed to make substantial electoral gains and is a major player in the National Assembly in Hungary. The paper discusses five factors that show how the rise of Jobbik was possible: a tradition of extreme right political movements, a party cleavage structure shaped by morals rather than socioeconomics, a specific national electoral geography, the negotiation style of the party and finally its reaction on the crisis of traditional democratic parties. The text explores each of these factors in a comparative context to demonstrate how Jobbik was able to take advantage of Hungarian political conditions in a way that extreme right parties in other Central European nations cannot.