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Citation style

Each scientific paper has to contain footnotes and the list of used sources at the end. Sources stated in footnotes and in the list of sources have to correspond accordingly.

 

We recommend: Publication and citation ethics together with illustrative instructions for using different citation norms in e-publication Metodika tvorby bibliografických citací here.

 

Footnotes

There are two main methods of using citations in the text. The references are either stated in a separate text of the work in round brackets, or by inserting the “footnote” (at the bottom of the page), or eventually “explanatory notes” (at the end of the whole text). More details on particular citation norms below.  

List of sources

In the list of sources, there is often distinguished between “sources” (laws, newspaper articles, contracts, various documents, interviews, and the like) and “literature” (scholarly articles, monographs, work collections, and the like).

The list of sources is sorted alphabetically. As long as we work with several works from the same author or responsible authority, we sort them chronologically according to the date.

For example.:

Kříž, Zdeněk. 2004. „MediationofInterestsofActive Duty Soldiers in thePoliticalSystemofthe Czech Republic." Středovevopské politické studie 6, no. 4, http://www.cepsr.com/clanek.php?ID=214 (accessedSeptember 30, 2011).

Kříž, Zdeněk. 2008. „Transformation NATO and the Summit in Bucharest." Obrana a strategie 8, no. 1: 17-29.

In case we work with two or more sources from the same responsible authority and with the same year of publication, we use lowercase letters of the alphabet, which we place behind the year of publication, to distinguish them. 

For example:
In the list:
OECD. 2001a...
OECD. 2001b...

In quotation: (OECD 2001b, 34)

Citation format, citation norms and styles

There are many various citation norms. Whether we choose any citation norm for the work (most preferably in the field of social sciences), it is crucial to use it consistently in the whole work and do not combine it with other norms. It is also recommended for students to study the ethical principles of citation and publication, to stick to these principles and avoid plagiarism. It is necessary to state the data as specified by the norm so that the source can be easily traced.   

For the students of KMVES it is recommended to use these norms:

I. Chicago style

  1. method (notes and bibliography) – the use footnotes and final list of sources.
  2. method (author-date) – more frequently used, using shortened links directly in the text in the form of round brackets and final list of sources.

 

The Chicago Manual of Style Online here.

II. ČSN ISO 690

(Czech version of the international norm ISO 690:2010), instructions here. 

Examples of how to cite using Chicago style:

1. Book

1. method

Reference (we insert a “footnote” into the text):

Petr Fiala and Markéta Pitrová, Evropská unie (Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2009), 35. (full version)
Fiala and Pitrová, Evropská unie, 84-7. (short version for the re-quoting the same sources)

The list:

Fiala, Petr, and Markéta Pitrová. Evropská unie. 2nd ed. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2009.

2. method

Reference: (inserted directly into the text in round brackets)

(Fiala and Pitrová 2009, 35)

The list:

Fiala, Petr, and Markéta Pitrová. 2009. Evropská unie. 2nd ed. Brno: Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury.

Note: We specify the issue number in the list in case it is the second one or higher. In case we work with electronic book version, it is necessary to specify it in the list, e.g. URL, Kindle edition etc.

2. Work in the collective volume

1. method

Reference:
Břetislav Dančák, Petr Fiala, and Vít Hloušek, „Evropeizace: pojem a jeho konceptualizace," in Evropeizace. Nové téma politologického výzkumu, ed. Břetislav Dančák, Petr Fiala and Vít Hloušek (Brno: Mezinárodní politologický ústav, 2005), 18. (full version)

Dančák, Fiala and Hloušek, "Evropeizace," 22-3. (short version)

The list:

Dančák, Břetislav, Petr Fiala, and Vít Hloušek. „Evropeizace: pojem a jeho konceptualizace." In Evropeizace. Nové téma politologického výzkumu, edited by Břetislav Dančák, Petr Fiala, and Vít Hloušek, 11-25. Brno: Mezinárodní politologický ústav, 2005.

2. method

Reference:
(Dančák, Fiala and Hloušek 2005, 18)

The list:

Dančák, Břetislav, Fiala, Petr a Hloušek, Vít. 2005. „Evropeizace: pojem a jeho konceptualizace." In Evropeizace. Nové téma politologického výzkumu, edited by Břetislav Dančák, Petr Fiala, and Vít Hloušek, 11-25. Brno: Mezinárodní politologický ústav.

Note: In case there are more than three authors, we specify only the first author and add et al. (e.g. if the above mentioned work had more than three authors, we would use (Dančák et al. 2005, 18). However, it is necessary to state the full list of authors in the list of sources. We specify the range of pages only in case of works in the collective volumes, articles and book chapters.

3. Article

1. method

Reference:
Petr Suchý and Petr Vilímek, „Britské a francouzské nukleární síly ve druhém jaderném věku," Mezinárodní vztahy 44, no. 1 (2009): 54. (full version)
Suchý and Vilímek, „Britské a francouzské nukleární síly," 62-3. (short version)

The list:

Suchý, Petr, and Petr Vilímek. „Britské a francouzské nukleární síly ve druhém jaderném věku." Mezinárodní vztahy 44, no. 1 (2009): 37-65.

2. method

Reference:
(Suchý and Vilímek 2009, 54)

The list:

Suchý, Petr, and Petr Vilímek. 2009. „Britské a francouzské nukleární síly ve druhém jaderném věku." Mezinárodní vztahy 44 (1): 37-65.

Note: In case of articles from electronic journals or databases, it is necessary to add the URL and date of access.

For example: Kříž, Zdeněk. 2004. „MediationofInterestsofActive Duty Soldiers in thePoliticalSystemofthe Czech Republic." Středovevopské politické studie 6, no. 4, http://www.cepsr.com/clanek.php?ID=214 (accessed September 30, 2011).

4. Web pages/web sources

1. method

Reference:
Evropská komise, „Rozšíření: Regionální spolupráce," accessedSeptember 30, 2011, http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/projects-in-focus/regional-cooperation/index_cs.htm. (full version)
„Rozšíření: Regionální spolupráce." (short version)

The list:
Evropská komise. „Rozšíření: Regionální spolupráce." AccessedSeptember 30, 2011. http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/projects-in-focus/regional-cooperation/index_cs.htm.

2. method

Reference:
(European Commission 2011)

The list:
European Commission. 2011. „Rozšíření: Regionální spolupráce." Accessed September 30, 2011 http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/projects-in-focus/regional-cooperation/index_cs.htm.

Note: In case of web sources (web pages, documents published on the web, etc.), in addition to the basic data we further specify the particular web page (URL) and the date of access (eventually also the date of the latest web page modification). The used documents or web pages do not have to be accessible by a later date.